Preoperative Planning for Your Career

Main Article Content

Michael S. Schallmo
Robby Turk
Brian P. Scannell
Joseph R. Hsu


Surgical residents face significant demands to obtain the requisite skills and knowledge for their specialty by the time they graduate. Structured, guided, deliberate learning in a manner that is reproducible is crucial for surgical resident success and for ensuring residents will be able to meet the increasing demands of clinical practice. Use of an organized surgical planning tool, such as the PERFECT (Position, Exposure, Reduction, Fixation, Evaluation, Closure, and Therapy) model described in this article, is fundamental and indispensable to not only resident education, but to ones’ future career and to orthopaedic practice more broadly. This tool helps to emphasize important elements of a case, allows for mental rehearsal, serves as a custom educational resource for the resident, provides a framework for focused and intentional communication between the resident and attending surgeon, helps to encourage a critical appraisal of a procedure by all participants, and provides the resident guidance for future practice. Broadly instituting teaching frameworks such as the PERFECT model has demonstrated the potential to improve the standardization and overall learning experience for orthopaedic surgical residents, who continue to be tasked with learning more efficiently in a changing healthcare and education landscape.

Article Details

How to Cite
Michael S. Schallmo, Robby Turk, Brian P. Scannell, & Joseph R. Hsu. (2022). Preoperative Planning for Your Career. Journal of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, 4(S1).
Advances in Pediatric Orthopaedic Education and Technical Training