Physical Exam for Sports Medicine Knee Injuries in Pediatric Patients Current Concept Review

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Jennifer J. Beck
Emily L. Niu
Aristides I. Cruz Jr.
Andrew Pennock
Zachary Stinson
Allison E. Crepeau
Curtis VandenBerg
Kevin G. Shea
Pamela J. Lang
Henry Bone Ellis Jr.


The clinical examination of the child or adolescent with a knee injury or pain can vary based on the age of the patient as well as the acuity of the problem. When pediatric patients present with thigh or vague knee pain, the importance of the hip examination cannot be overemphasized. Evaluating the uninjured extremity first is particularly valuable to building trust and confidence with a scared, nervous patient. Having the patient describe and point to locations of symptoms can assist in prioritizing physical exam maneuvers as creating pain through exam will limit later exam compliance. There are four primary elements of the exam: observation, palpation, static stability examination, and dynamic assessment. This review article will summarize physical exam techniques and pertinent findings for meniscus, ligament, and patellofemoral pathology.

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How to Cite
Beck, J. J., Niu, E. L., Aristides I. Cruz Jr., Pennock, A., Stinson, Z., Crepeau, A. E., VandenBerg, C., Shea, K. G., Pamela J. Lang, & Henry Bone Ellis Jr. (2021). Physical Exam for Sports Medicine Knee Injuries in Pediatric Patients: Current Concept Review. Journal of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, 3(4).